As I flew up the country from Wellington to Auckland this week, on yet another beautiful day, I was struck by the colour of our country.
Brown. Burned to a crisp. The occasional smattering of green forest, but an island suffering from its worst drought in 70 years, as I’d heard climate scientist Jim Salinger saying on the radio that morning.
It’s obviously bad. The Sunday Star Times tells us:
“experts warn it could spell the end for farming as we know it and may cost the country billions of dollars in drought relief each year before practices are adjusted.”
It’s taken quite some time for the words “climate change” to enter the national conversation about this drought. I spoke with NIWA’s Brett Mullan last week and he had some very interesting points to make on the massive and very unusual highs that have been sitting over the country since early February. He’d make a great interview, I thought, but he said no media had called him to even ask.
Climatologist Dr James Renwick wrote an excellent article in The Press, but it’s well away from those in the major drought area.
Our agriculture-based economy is going to feel this pinch more than most in the decades to come. Indeed the Government is already signalling it may cause a return to recession. What worries me is that our agriculture is increasingly turning to intensive, water-hungry dairy farming, at a time when water scarcity is expected to rise.
In 1981 there were 2.92 million dairy cows wandering our land. By 2010 this had grown to nearly six million.
In the last few weeks we’ve seen farmer after dairy farmer on the news, having to dry off their herd early, buy in feed and sell cows off to the works as they can’t sustain them.
There are so many ironies in this story that it’s difficult to know where to start.
Federated Farmers and Fonterra fought tooth and nail to keep agriculture out of the Emissions Trading Scheme. You know, that thing that was supposed to be New Zealand’s response to climate change. Except it doesn’t, as our ETS is so weak it’s pretty much dead in the water.
The ETS would, apparently, have been too costly for farmers. Because after all they have to deal with expensive things like – erm – dealing with drought. Of which there will be more, caused by – erm – climate change.
Some of the extra feed they’re buying is palm kernel, palm kernel that comes from Indonesian plantations on land that used to house peatlands and old growth forest, activities that add a massive chunk of carbon to our atmosphere.
So we don’t act on climate change, and we are now only OECD country to have no specific 2020 target to cut emissions. And our government is at the forefront of efforts to undermine progress at international climate talks.
We’ve turned our backs on Kyoto, and we’re showing no signs of treating the need for a global climate agreement with the urgency the science is telling us it deserves, instead treating it like a set of trade talks.
This is our worst drought in 70 years, but 2007/8 was almost as bad. Taking action to curb emissions, the government has argued, would cost the country, but did they factor in the cost of this drought, at $1 billion and ballooning, and the last drought that cost $2.8 billion?
Meanwhile our dairy giant, Fonterra, wants to open a coal mine to operate its milk powder factories. Coal, that stuff that causes climate change.
But we’re not allowed to argue climate change when coal extraction is being considered. Heaven forbid. Let’s hope the Supreme Court will listen to the West Coast Environment Network’s arguments this week as they battle Bathurst and Solid Energy in their bid to get the law changed.
Of course I have sympathy for farmers at this terrible time. And of course I don’t blame all farmers for the state of the Government’s climate policy.
We’re all in this climate change business together. From my own fast-emptying water tanks to the farmers (and associated industries) suffering across the country, we need to turn to a new way of thinking, a new way of operating in this climate-changing world.
If I were a farmer I’d be screaming at the government to take leadership on all counts. Maps like this aren’t pretty.
Our Government, for the sake of our farmers and all of our futures, needs to wake up, dump its short-term, fossil fuel-based thinking that holds up international action, and, indeed our economy.
Instead of his myopic focus on coal mining, fracking, mining, offshore oil drilling – and indeed, carbon-intensive dairying, instead of kowtowing to the likes of Petrobras, John Key could be leading our country towards real prosperity.
As a recent Greenpeace report has pointed out, we could be embracing a smart, clean, 21st century economy based on 100% renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainable transport.
All we need is some leadership.
Otherwise we’ll all have to get used to this “new normal”.
Update: You couldn’t make this stuff up: Finance Minister Bill English questions his own scientists’ models on drought, saying in Parliament: “I recall similar predictions made by similar scientific bodies in Australia just 4 or 5 years ago and it has not stopped raining since.”
He missed the fact that Australia has just experienced its hottest summer in recorded history and its scientists say it’s down to climate change. Nice to have a Government so well-informed about the science.